An Analysis of Bitcoin’s Price Dynamics
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionKjærland, F., Khazal, A., Krogstad, E. A., Nordstrøm, F. B. G. & Oust, A. (2018). An analysis of bitcoin’s price dynamics. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 11(4): 63. doi: 10.3390/jrfm11040063
This paper aims to enhance the understanding of which factors affect the price development of Bitcoin in order for investors to make sound investment decisions. Previous literature has covered only a small extent of the highly volatile period during the last months of 2017 and the beginning of 2018. To examine the potential price drivers, we use the Autoregressive Distributed Lag and Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity approach. Our study identifies the technological factor Hashrate as irrelevant for modeling Bitcoin price dynamics. This irrelevance is due to the underlying code that makes the supply of Bitcoins deterministic, and it stands in contrast to previous literature that has included Hashrate as a crucial independent variable. Moreover, the empirical findings indicate that the price of Bitcoin is affected by returns on the S&P 500 and Google searches, showing consistency with results from previous literature. In contrast to previous literature, we find VIX, Oil, Gold and Bitcoin transaction volume to be insignificant.