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dc.contributor.authorZhao, Qianshuo
dc.contributor.authorStephenson, Fabrice
dc.contributor.authorLundquist, Carolyn
dc.contributor.authorKaschner, Kristin
dc.contributor.authorJayathilake, Dinusha R.M.
dc.contributor.authorCostello, Mark John
dc.identifier.citationZhao, Q., Stephenson, F., Lundquist, C., Kaschner, K., Jayathilake, D. & Costello, M. J. (2020). Where marine protected areas would best represent 30% of ocean biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 244: 108536. doi:en_US
dc.descriptionAuthor's accepted version (postprint).en_US
dc.descriptionThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in Biological Conservation on 02/04/2020.
dc.descriptionAvailable online:
dc.description.abstractThe IUCN (the International Union for Conservation of Nature) World Conservation Congress called for the full protection of 30% of each marine habitat globally andat least 30% of all the ocean. Thus, we quantitatively prioritized the top 30% areas for Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) globally using global scale measures ofbiodiversity from the species to ecosystem level. The analysis used (a) Ecosystems mapped based on 20 environmental variables, (b) four Biomes (seagrass, kelp,mangrove, and shallow water coral reefs) plus seabed rugosity as a proxy for habitat, and (c) species richness within each biogeographic Realm (indicating areas ofspecies endemicity), so as to maximise representivity of biodiversity overall.We found that the 30% prioritized areas were mainly on continental coasts, island arcs, oceanic islands, the southwest Indian Ridge, the northern Mid-AtlanticRidge, the Coral Triangle, Caribbean Sea, and Arctic Archipelago. They generally covered 30% of the Ecosystems and over 80% of the Biomes. Although 58% of theareas were within countries Exclusive EconomicZones(EEZ), only 10% were in MPAs, and < 1% in no-take MPAs (IUCN category Ia). These prioritized areas indicatewhere it would be optimal to locate MPAs for recovery of marine biodiversity within and outside country's EEZ. Our results thus provide a map that will aid bothnational and international planning of where to protect marine biodiversity as a whole.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleWhere marine protected areas would best represent 30% of ocean biodiversityen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Marinbiologi: 497en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og Naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Økologi: 488en_US
dc.source.journalBiological Conservationen_US

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
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