Small exporting firms’ choice of exchange mode in international marketing channels for perishable products : A contingency approach
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionNyu, V., Nilssen, F. & Kandemir, D. (2021). Small exporting firms’ choice of exchange mode in international marketing channels for perishable products: A contingency approach. International Business Review: 101919. doi: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2021.101919
This study investigates how small, resource-constrained firms identify international marketing strategies for perishable products. Although international marketing of perishable products poses challenges for the exporter, many small companies manage to survive and thrive on an international business arena. Over the past decades, there has been a growing interest in how small firms design their international marketing channels. However, little is known about the conditions leading to the choice of a particular exchange modality. Drawing from the contingency framework, we investigate the role of firm-specific and industry-related factors in the choice of exchange mode among resource-constrained exporters. Based on insights from the Norwegian seafood industry, we introduce a contingency framework and develop a typology of exchange modalities. We suggest that resource-constrained exporters are inclined to engage in a succession of transactional exchanges. We offer propositions on the choice among alternative exchange modalities contingent upon firm and industry factors.