The effect of fatigue and duration knowledge of exercise on kicking performance in soccer players
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionFerraz, R.M.P., van den Tillaar, R.J.W., Pereira, A. & Marques, M.C. (2016). The effect of fatigue and duration knowledge of exercise on kicking performance in soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2016.02.001
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of fatigue upon kicking maximal ball velocity and the target-hitting accuracy of soccer players; and also to examine the effect of the knowledge of the exercise duration upon these two parameters. Methods: Twenty-four semi-professional soccer players participated in this study and performed maximal instep kicks before and after the implementation of an exercise protocol, either with or without knowledge of the duration of this protocol. Results: A mixed model of analysis of variance showed that kicking maximal ball velocity was significantly affected (F(5, 85) = 11.6; p less than 0.001; η2 = 0.39) but only after just one circuit of the fatigue protocol and then remained similar. Accuracy did not change during the protocol (F(5, 75) = 0.23; p = 0.76; η2 = 0.03) and knowing the duration of exercitation did not affect accuracy and velocity development (F(1, 23) ≤ 1.04; p ≥ 0.32; η2 ≤ 0.06). Conclusion: These findings demonstrated the potential negative effects of fatigue on kicking ball velocity in soccer but not in the kicking accuracy and that the effect of fatigue may not be progressive over time. Knowing or not knowing the duration of exercitation did not affect the results.