Comparison of three types of warm-up upon sprint ability in experienced soccer players
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionvan den Tillaar, R.J.W., Lerberg, E.G. & von Heimburg, E.D. (2016). Comparison of three types of warm-up upon sprint ability in experienced soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science. doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2016.05.006
Purpose: The study aims to compare the effects of a long general warm-up, a long specific warm-up, and a short specific warm-up upon sprint ability in soccer players. Methods: Twelve male soccer players (age 18.3 ± 0.8 years, body mass 76.4 ± 7.2 kg, body height 1.79 ± 0.05 m) conducted 3 types of warm-ups with 1 week in between: a long general warm-up, a long specific warm-up, and a short specific warm-up followed by 3 sprints of 40 m each. The best, average, and total sprinting times together with heart rate and ratings of perceived exertion were measured. Results: The sprint times (best, average, and total time) were significantly better when performing a long specific or short specific warm-up compared with the long general warm-up. The received perception exertion was significantly lower during the specific short warm-up (4.92 ± 0.90) compared with the longer ones (6.00 ± 0.74 and 6.25 ± 0.87). Conclusion: Specificity is more important in a warm-up routine before sprint performance than the duration of the warm-up.