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dc.contributor.authorHansen, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorLandstad, Bodil Johanne
dc.contributor.authorGundersen, Kjell Terje
dc.contributor.authorSvebak, Sven
dc.identifier.citationHansen, E., Landstad, B. J., Gundersen, K. T. & Svebak, S. (2012). The relative importance of aerobic capacity, physical activity and body mass index in impaired glucose tolerance and Type 2 diabetes. Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, 3(1):10232. doi:en_US
dc.description.abstractAim: To investigate the relative importance of aerobic capacity, physical activity and body mass index (BMI) for discriminating between people with Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) or Type 2 diabetes and healthy controls. Method: Variables included scores on estimated VO2-max (ml/kg/min) by walking the UKK walking-test, responses to questions on self-reported physical activity and BMI. Design: Participants were recruited into groups of IGT, Type 2 diabetes and healthy controls (N64). Statistical analyses were performed by multifactor ANOVA, bivariate correlations and logistic regression. Result: Obesity, as indicated by BMI, was most evident in the IGT and Type 2 diabetes groups when jointly compared with the healthy controls (p=0.004, OR ≥16.00). However, when separately compared with the healthy controls, BMI scores strongly discriminated between the IGT versus healthy controls but failed to distinguish between Type 2 diabetes and healthy controls. Scores for aerobic capacity and level of physical activity failed to distinguish between healthy controls and IGT as well as Type 2 diabetes status. Conclusion: BMI was significantly associated with IGT whereas aerobic capacity and level of physical activity were not predictive of group status for IGT and Type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that primary health care should focus on all means for weight reduction, including physical activity and other life style changes, in order to prevent individuals from escalating into IGT in order to prevent risk of Type 2 diabetes.en_US
dc.publisherCo-Action Publishingen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectBody mass indexen_US
dc.subjectFysisk aktiviteten_US
dc.subjectPhysical activityen_US
dc.subjectDiabetes 2en_US
dc.subjectFysisk form / kondisjonen_US
dc.subjectPhysical Fitnessen_US
dc.titleThe relative importance of aerobic capacity, physical activity and body mass index in impaired glucose tolerance and Type 2 diabetesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2012 The Author(s)en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske fag: 700en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Klinisk medisinske fag: 750::Endokrinologi: 774en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Forebyggende medisin: 804en_US
dc.source.journalVulnerable Groups & Inclusionen_US
cristin.unitnameFakultet for lærerutdanning og kunst- og kulturfag

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Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal