Unsteady MHD Bionanofluid Flow in a Porous Medium with Thermal Radiation near a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIrfan, M., Farooq, M. A., Mushtaq, A. & Shamsi, Z. H. (2020). Unsteady MHD Bionanofluid Flow in a Porous Medium with Thermal Radiation near a Stretching/Shrinking Sheet. Mathematical problems in engineering, 2020: 8822999. doi: 10.1155/2020/8822999
This research aims at providing the theoretical effects of the unsteady MHD stagnation point flow of heat and mass transfer across a stretching and shrinking surface in a porous medium including internal heat generation/absorption, thermal radiation, and chemical reaction. The fundamental principles of the similarity transformations are applied to the governing partial differential equations (PDEs) that lead to ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The transformed ODEs are numerically solved by the shooting algorithm implemented in MATLAB, and verification is done from MATLAB built-in solver bvp4c. The numerical data produced for the skin friction coefficient, the local Nusselt number, and the local Sherwood number are compared with the available result and found to be in a close agreement. The impact of involved physical parameters on velocity, temperature, concentration, and density of motile microorganisms profiles is scrutinized through graphs. It is analyzed that the skin friction coefficient enhances with increasing values of an unsteady parameter A, magnetic parameter M, and porosity parameter Kp. In addition, we observe that the density of a motile microorganisms profile enhances larger values of the bioconvection Lewis number Lb and Peclet number Pe and decreases with the increasing values of an unsteady parameter A.