Spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor) sperm cryopreservation in 5-mL cryovials
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionBeirão, J., Flengstad, S. & Babiak, I. (2020). Spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor) sperm cryopreservation in 5-mL cryovials. Fish Physiology & Biochemistry. doi: 10.1007/s10695-020-00837-1
In spotted wolffish Anarhichas minor aquaculture, cryopreservation is used to secure sperm availability throughout the entire spawning season. Under current protocols, sperm is cryopreserved in 0.5-mL straws. This implies thawing a considerable number of straws for insemination with cryopreserved sperm. In this work, we scale up the spotted wolffish sperm cryopreservation procedure through the development of a protocol for sperm cryopreservation in 5-mL cryovials. Different freezing (distances from the liquid nitrogen surface) and thawing rates were tested. The best results were obtained with cryovials frozen at a distance of 1.5 cm from the liquid nitrogen surface and thawed either at 15 or 10 °C for 4 and 6 min, respectively. Under these conditions, similar percentage of motile cells, sperm velocity and percentage of viable cells were obtained in comparison with the sperm cryopreserved in the traditional 0.5-mL straws. This protocol will facilitate the process of insemination with cryopreserved sperm in the spotted wolffish hatcheries.